The Land is Our Heart: Protect the Cascade-Siskiyou National Monument

The Cascade-Siskiyou National Monument spans more than 66,000 acres of forest lands in southern Oregon and Northern California. These are the traditional homelands of the Takelmans, Athapaskans, Shastans, and Klamath peoples. The Rogue River tribes, as they are known today at Grand Ronde and Siletz reservations, were the Takelma, Athapaskan, Shasta and some Umpqua tribes… Read More The Land is Our Heart: Protect the Cascade-Siskiyou National Monument

Equability of the Willamette Valley Treaty

Three days after signing the Willamette Valley Treaty (January 20, 1855) with the tribes of the Willamette Valley and Columbia River, Joel Palmer Superintendent of Indian Affairs for Oregon,  sent the treaty to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, Manypenny. Palmer sent with the treaty an accompanying letter explaining the treaty and documenting the other promises… Read More Equability of the Willamette Valley Treaty

This Place is as My Heart: The 1855 Wasco-Deschutes Treaty

In 1855, Joel Palmer met with the Wasco and Deschutes tribes to convince them to sign the treaty and remove to the proposed Warm Springs Reservation. The chief of the tribes spoke powerfully about their love of their land, calling their fish, gathering and hunting places  like the parts of their heart. The tribes knew… Read More This Place is as My Heart: The 1855 Wasco-Deschutes Treaty

I Have Only One Talk: The Dog Rivers Refuse to Remove

At the June 1855 treaty meeting of the Deschutes, Wascoes, and Walla Wallas, there were also the Dog River Cascades. They are listed on the transcript as being there but apparently never spoke publicly at the gathering. Various letters by Palmer and others suggest that they remained on their lands for several years beyond the… Read More I Have Only One Talk: The Dog Rivers Refuse to Remove

Help fund My Book Project: Tribal Stories of the Willamette Valley

  Tribal Stories of the Willamette Valley This project is born from this website. Over the past three years I have been writing essays about the Iribal histories of Oregon. I am bringing together about 20 of these stories into a book project. The project will rewrite the tribe histories and help everyone understand what… Read More Help fund My Book Project: Tribal Stories of the Willamette Valley

The First Grand Ronde Indian Legislature and Laws, Beginning in 1873

The following documents are part of the Siletz Reservation Collection at the Oregon Historical Society Library in Portland. They were found in around 2010 by myself, and copies recovered for the Grand Ronde tribe. They were digitized for the library about a year later  through a loan to the Oregon State University Archives, with all… Read More The First Grand Ronde Indian Legislature and Laws, Beginning in 1873

Priming the Powderkeg: Table Rock area in 1855

In 1853 there had occurred the Rogue River War. That war was likely caused by continued encroachment into tribal lands by settlers, and the failure of the federal government to ratify the first Oregon treaties. Joel Palmer arrives at work in 1853 and immediately begins in southern Oregon because of the active war happening there… Read More Priming the Powderkeg: Table Rock area in 1855

Weakening the Confidence of the Tribes, Planning their Removal 1854-1856

In 1853, Joel Palmer was managing numerous needs of the Tribes in Western Oregon as Indian Superintendent of the Oregon Territory.  His first Treaty was the Treaty with the Rogue River tribes, negotiated and agreed upon by September 10, 1853, and nine days later Palmer was in the Umpqua Valley and negotiated the treaty with… Read More Weakening the Confidence of the Tribes, Planning their Removal 1854-1856

The Temporary Reservation on the Guilford W. Warden DLC, Yamhill County

Guilford W. Warden  was an emigre into the Oregon Territory in 1850. He had a donation land claim in Yamhill County near the South Yamhill river and Salt Creek. It was claim number 1822, was 638.89 acres, and was located in the GLO map grid of Township 6, Range 5.  This landclaim was surveyed in… Read More The Temporary Reservation on the Guilford W. Warden DLC, Yamhill County

A State of Open Warfare: the Chetko Massacre revisited

Rape, threats of violence, and Murder were the tools used by the Whitemen who came to the region encompassing northern California and southern Oregon in search of opportunity and gold. The coastal towns of the tribes, in the vicinity of the much more recent white settlements were particularly susceptible to violence owing to the concentration… Read More A State of Open Warfare: the Chetko Massacre revisited