Foolish Indians and Bad Whites; Palmer advises George and Limpy, April 1856

Joel Palmer  (Oregon Indian Superintendent) writes from Dayton April 24, 1856, after receiving a letter From Indian Agent George Ambrose. Palmer is at this time heavily engaged in making arrangements for the tribes to remove to the Grand Ronde Reservation. The Cascade Attacks have happened and he is most concerned with the removal of the… Read More Foolish Indians and Bad Whites; Palmer advises George and Limpy, April 1856

Cascade Watlala Removal in April 1856

My previous article about the Cascades addressed the general history and culture of the Cascades Tribe. I am now over a year into additional research on these tribal histories. I have nearly completed a full review of the M2 microfilm series (Oregon Superintendency) and found numerous additional details. The most startling yet found is a… Read More Cascade Watlala Removal in April 1856

When the Settlers Cleaned up their Lands, California 1850s

When settlers came to the west, the tribes tolerated their presence, many even welcomed them because of the trade possibilities.  The first settlers may have been deferential and honorable, perhaps because of how many tribal people remained, but  soon, by 1844, many thousands began claiming lands without talking to the tribes first. These settlers were… Read More When the Settlers Cleaned up their Lands, California 1850s

Bristow’s Proposal for the Millpoo Ilihee and Camas Swale Post Offices, Lane County,1854

In the 1850s, American settlers were just setting up their communities, and towns, throughout the Oregon Territory. The earliest pioneers had arrived in 1830s, and a great rush of humanity began in 1844 with the start of the Oregon Trail. The “pioneers” settled in key locations throughout the valleys, first in western Oregon. Each area… Read More Bristow’s Proposal for the Millpoo Ilihee and Camas Swale Post Offices, Lane County,1854

Klamath River Reservation and White Privilege, 1856

Continuing with the ndnhistoryresearch series on the massacres of the Tribes on the northern California and Southern Oregon coast, I have found a few more documents that address the removal of the tribes to the Klamath River Reservation and their rights and conditions. These reports are from the microfilm copies of the correspondence series for… Read More Klamath River Reservation and White Privilege, 1856

The Most Persistent Attempt to Exterminate the Tribes, Beginning with the Yontocket Massacre 1853

As related in my previous essay about the Chetko Massacre, there was a massacre of the Tolowa in 1853. The Palmer account suggest the previous massacre was the work of the same 8 or 9 men who destroyed the two Chetko villages in March of 1853. Annette Reed, a Tolowa descendant (Tolowa Dee-ni Nation),  and… Read More The Most Persistent Attempt to Exterminate the Tribes, Beginning with the Yontocket Massacre 1853

Why Drink Water When You Can Drink Beer! Brewing and Juicing in Salem

Today, we all are enjoying the surge of microbreweries and beer production on Oregon. Its one of the industries known to have developed in the Northwest, and microbreweries are a part of the culture of all towns in Oregon. Its big business and even national beer companies are getting into the microbrew market. But this… Read More Why Drink Water When You Can Drink Beer! Brewing and Juicing in Salem

Lost Cattle and Ox Hides: Starvation on the Coast Reservation 1856-60

Among the most amazing realizations I have had as a Native of the tribes of Oregon and scholar of tribal history is how pervasive starvation was once the tribes got the reservations. The Federal government and their agents were wholly unable to feed the tribal peoples once they were removed to the reservations. Then the… Read More Lost Cattle and Ox Hides: Starvation on the Coast Reservation 1856-60