Bristow’s Proposal for the Millpoo Ilihee and Camas Swale Post Offices, Lane County,1854

In the 1850s, American settlers were just setting up their communities, and towns, throughout the Oregon Territory. The earliest pioneers had arrived in 1830s, and a great rush of humanity began in 1844 with the start of the Oregon Trail. The “pioneers” settled in key locations throughout the valleys, first in western Oregon. Each area… Read More Bristow’s Proposal for the Millpoo Ilihee and Camas Swale Post Offices, Lane County,1854

Klamath River Reservation and White Privilege, 1856

Continuing with the ndnhistoryresearch series on the massacres of the Tribes on the northern California and Southern Oregon coast, I have found a few more documents that address the removal of the tribes to the Klamath River Reservation and their rights and conditions. These reports are from the microfilm copies of the correspondence series for… Read More Klamath River Reservation and White Privilege, 1856

The Most Persistent Attempt to Exterminate the Tribes, Beginning with the Yontocket Massacre 1853

As related in my previous essay about the Chetko Massacre, there was a massacre of the Tolowa in 1853. The Palmer account suggest the previous massacre was the work of the same 8 or 9 men who destroyed the two Chetko villages in March of 1853. Annette Reed, a Tolowa descendant (Tolowa Dee-ni Nation),  and… Read More The Most Persistent Attempt to Exterminate the Tribes, Beginning with the Yontocket Massacre 1853

Why Drink Water When You Can Drink Beer! Brewing and Juicing in Salem

Today, we all are enjoying the surge of microbreweries and beer production on Oregon. Its one of the industries known to have developed in the Northwest, and microbreweries are a part of the culture of all towns in Oregon. Its big business and even national beer companies are getting into the microbrew market. But this… Read More Why Drink Water When You Can Drink Beer! Brewing and Juicing in Salem

Lost Cattle and Ox Hides: Starvation on the Coast Reservation 1856-60

Among the most amazing realizations I have had as a Native of the tribes of Oregon and scholar of tribal history is how pervasive starvation was once the tribes got the reservations. The Federal government and their agents were wholly unable to feed the tribal peoples once they were removed to the reservations. Then the… Read More Lost Cattle and Ox Hides: Starvation on the Coast Reservation 1856-60

Kalapuyan Eyewitnesses to the Megaflood in the Willamette Valley

Native oral history is based in actual historic events of their tribal past. For the Kalapuyans this is also true. Some  15,000 to 12,000 years ago a series of megafloods occurred (upwards of 40 in some theories) in western Oregon. The glacial dams created by the glacial masses which reached the Columbia River during this… Read More Kalapuyan Eyewitnesses to the Megaflood in the Willamette Valley

Opening the Coast Reservation: the Oyster Harvest Rush 1863-1866

In 1864, Oregon Indian Superintendent, J. Perit Huntington, was in charge of Indian affairs for Oregon. Huntington was concerned about a recent movement of Americans onto the Coast Reservation. At the time there were federal laws excluding Americans from going onto or settling Indian reservation lands. The tribes of western Oregon, from 1853-1855, signed treaties… Read More Opening the Coast Reservation: the Oyster Harvest Rush 1863-1866

Negotiating Colonization in Eastern Oregon: Nez Perce Speeches

*Note- these speeches were transcribed from reports in the M234 microfilms for the Washington Superintendency. They occur near the end of the Cayuse War when it appears that the Army assumed that The Nez Perce were hiding members of the Cayuses, relatives of the Nez Perces. What the transcriptions do not detail is that the… Read More Negotiating Colonization in Eastern Oregon: Nez Perce Speeches