The First Grand Ronde Indian Legislature and Laws, Beginning in 1873

The following documents are part of the Siletz Reservation Collection at the Oregon Historical Society Library in Portland. They were found in around 2010 by myself, and copies recovered for the Grand Ronde tribe. They were digitized for the library about a year later  through a loan to the Oregon State University Archives, with all… Read More The First Grand Ronde Indian Legislature and Laws, Beginning in 1873

Priming the Powderkeg: Table Rock area in 1855

In 1853 there had occurred the Rogue River War. That war was likely caused by continued encroachment into tribal lands by settlers, and the failure of the federal government to ratify the first Oregon treaties. Joel Palmer arrives at work in 1853 and immediately begins in southern Oregon because of the active war happening there… Read More Priming the Powderkeg: Table Rock area in 1855

Weakening the Confidence of the Tribes, Planning their Removal 1854-1856

In 1853, Joel Palmer was managing numerous needs of the Tribes in Western Oregon as Indian Superintendent of the Oregon Territory.  His first Treaty was the Treaty with the Rogue River tribes, negotiated and agreed upon by September 10, 1853, and nine days later Palmer was in the Umpqua Valley and negotiated the treaty with… Read More Weakening the Confidence of the Tribes, Planning their Removal 1854-1856

The Temporary Reservation on the Guilford W. Warden DLC, Yamhill County

Guilford W. Warden  was an emigre into the Oregon Territory in 1850. He had a donation land claim in Yamhill County near the South Yamhill river and Salt Creek. It was claim number 1822, was 638.89 acres, and was located in the GLO map grid of Township 6, Range 5.  This landclaim was surveyed in… Read More The Temporary Reservation on the Guilford W. Warden DLC, Yamhill County

A State of Open Warfare: the Chetko Massacre revisited

Rape, threats of violence, and Murder were the tools used by the Whitemen who came to the region encompassing northern California and southern Oregon in search of opportunity and gold. The coastal towns of the tribes, in the vicinity of the much more recent white settlements were particularly susceptible to violence owing to the concentration… Read More A State of Open Warfare: the Chetko Massacre revisited

Chaos in the First Year: Oregon Reservations

In the first year of the Oregon Reservations, Grand Ronde, Warm Springs, and the Coast reservation, 1856-1857, there was a change in leadership in the office of the Indian Superintendent. Joel Palmer was replaced in August 1856 by Absalom F. Hedges, over complaints that Palmer was too supportive of and lenient with the tribes, and… Read More Chaos in the First Year: Oregon Reservations

Ode to the Invisible and Unknown Native Peoples

  For over 500 years we have endured increasing colonization of our lands and spaces. A wave of death came from the east and passed through all indigenous nations. Nothing was spared; no corner of our lands or cultural spaces was left to the people. Some estimates suggest 90 million died, through wars, through slavery,… Read More Ode to the Invisible and Unknown Native Peoples

Media Reports of the Wacheno Murder on the Grand Ronde Reservation 1904

Capture of Red Slayer Grand Ronde Indian Surrendered when he found Yamhill Officer Had Outwitted him April 26, 1904, Oregonian April 25th at 9 o’clock Sheriff F.W. Sitton returned from Grand Ronde  with Louis Savage, charged with the murder of Foster Wacheno both Grand Ronde Indians. The crime was committed at the home of John… Read More Media Reports of the Wacheno Murder on the Grand Ronde Reservation 1904

Memorial on behalf of the Indians of California, 1850

The appeal below, suggests the reservation system for the tribes of California. Pastor Woodbridge’s detailed memorial addresses what scholars today are discovering about the 19th century tribes. The Tribes were not simply savages as suggested for some 100 years of histories written about the region, but instead they were losing resources and food sources and… Read More Memorial on behalf of the Indians of California, 1850